Emptiness - Table of Contents

The Foundation of Buddhist Thought, Volume 5

Foreword
Preface
Editor’s Preface

1. The Revolution of Selflessness   

The Uniqueness of the Buddha’s Concept of No-Self      
The Importance of Selflessness      

Selflessness in the Sutras    
Did the Buddha Invent Selflessness?        
Understanding Reality as It Is        
Selflessness in the Three Turnings of the Dharma Wheel          
The Commentaries that Deal with Emptiness      

2. The Prerequisites for Developing an Understanding of Selflessness

The Perfection of Concentration    
Calm Abiding

Cultivating Calm Abiding    
The Best Object of Meditation        
Mindfulness and Alertness 
Insight           
How Insight Is Cultivated According to Tibetan Buddhism        

3. The Concepts of Selfhood           

All Things Are No-Self          
Right View Is Supramundane Insight        
All Things Are No-Self
Was the Prasangika View of Selflessness Taught by the Buddha?        

Levels of Selfhood    
The Two Types of Emptiness         
Acquired and Innate Self-Grasping           
The Self as an Unchanging, Unitary, and Autonomous Entity    
The Self as a Self-Sufficient, Substantial Entity    
The Self as an Intrinsic Entity        
Identifying the Thief           

Selflessness in the Four Buddhist Schools            
Selflessness in the First Three Schools      
Selflessness in Svatantrika Madhyamaka

4. The Differences Between Svatantrika and Prasangika           

The Main Differences Between the Subschools of Madhyamaka           
The Difference in the Line of Reasoning   
The Difference in Direct Perception          
The Difference in Ultimate and Conventional Levels      
The Difference in the Understanding of Dependent Origination          
The Difference in Identifying the Two Obscurations      

5. Prasangika’s Unique Presentation of Emptiness         

The Object of Negation        
Empty of What?       
Refuting the Referent Object          
The Object of Ultimate Analysis     
What Is Intrinsic Nature?    
Some Clarification of Innate Self-Grasping           

6. Establishing Emptiness   

Lines of Reasoning   
The Seven-Point Analysis    
1. The Chariot Cannot Be Identical with Its Parts
1a. The Self Cannot Be Identical with the Aggregates     
2. The Chariot Cannot Be Posited as Something Separate from Its Parts         
2a. The Self Cannot Be Posited as Something Separate from the Aggregates  
3. The Parts of the Chariot Do Not Exist Intrinsically as the Base of the Chariot         
3a. The Aggregates Do Not Exist Intrinsically as a Base of the Self 
4. The Chariot Does Not Exist Intrinsically
Dependent on Its Parts       
4a. The Self Does Not Exist Intrinsically
Dependent on the Aggregates        
5. The Chariot Does Not Possess Its Parts 
5a. The Self Does Not Possess the Aggregates in the Sense of Some Kind of Inherent Possession    
6. The Chariot Is Not Identical with the Collection of Its Parts   
6a. The Collection of the Aggregates Cannot be Posited as the Self
7. The Chariot Is Not Its Shape       
7a. The Shape or Configuration of the Aggregates Cannot be Posited as the Self       

Refuting the Four Possibilities of Production       
The King of Reasons

How the Person and Phenomena Appear Like an Illusion       

7. Emptiness and Dependent Arising

The Three Levels of Dependent Arising    
The Impact of Dependent Arising  

The Three Levels of Dependent Arising    
Causal Dependency 
Mutual Dependency
Merely-Labeled Dependency         

Emptiness and Dependent Arising
The Merging of Emptiness and Dependent Arising         

Conclusion

Appendix      
Glossary
Bibliography
Notes 
Index 
About the Authors   
The Foundation of Buddhist Thought