Buddhism - Table of Contents

One Teacher, Many Traditions

“This book will reward those who study it carefully with a deep and wide understanding of the way these traditions have mapped their respective visions of the path to enlightenment.”—Bhikkhu Bodhi, translator of In the Buddha’s Words

 

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Foreword by Bhante Gunaratana
Prologue by His Holiness the Dalai Lama
Preface by Venerable Thubten Chodron
Abbreviations

1. Origin and Spread of the Buddha’s Doctrine
 The Buddha’s Life
 Buddhist Canons and the Spread of the Dharma
 Pāli Tradition
 Buddhism in China
 Buddhism in Tibet
 Our Commonalities and Diversity

2. Refuge in the Three Jewels
 Existence of the Three Jewels
 The Tathāgata’s Qualities
 Three Jewels: Pāli Tradition
 Three Jewels: Sanskrit Tradition
 Buddha’s Awakening, Parinirvāṇa, and Omniscience
 Taking Refuge and Maintaining Proper Refuge

3. Sixteen Attributes of the Four Truths
 Sanskrit Tradition
 Pāli Tradition

4. The Higher Training in Ethical Conduct
 The Importance of Ethical Conduct
 Prātimokṣa Ethical Restraints
 Why Celibacy?
 The Vinaya Schools
 The Value of the Monastic Community
 Fulfilling the Purpose of Monastic Life
 Monastics, Priests, and Lay Teachers
 Tibetan Monastics and Monastic Institutions
 Challenges for Western Monastics
 Full Ordination for Women
 Advice for Monastics
The Joy of Monastic Discipline
 Bodhisattva and Tantric Ethical Restraints

5. The Higher Training in Concentration
 The Importance of Concentration
 Realms of Existence and Spheres of Consciousness
 Pāli Tradition
 Five Hindrances and Five Absorption Factors
 Four Jhānas
 Four Immaterial Absorptions
 Eight Meditative Liberations
 Superknowledges
 Sanskrit Tradition
 Meditation Position and Meditation Objects
 Five Faults and Eight Antidotes
 Nine Stages of Sustained Attention
 Serenity and Further Meditative Absorptions
 Chinese Buddhism

6. The Higher Training in Wisdom: Thirty-Seven Aids to Awakening
 Four Establishments of Mindfulness
 Mindfulness of the Body
 Mindfulness of Feelings
 Mindfulness of the Mind
 Mindfulness of Phenomena
 Four Establishments of Mindfulness for Bodhisattvas
 Four Supreme Strivings
 Four Bases of Supernormal Power
 Five Faculties and Five Powers
 Seven Awakening Factors
 The Noble Eightfold Path
 Conventional and Ultimate Natures of the Thirty-Seven Aids

7. Selflessness and Emptiness
 Pāli Tradition: The Self and the Aggregates
 Madhyamaka: The Object of Negation
 Seven-Point Refutation
 Six Elements Are Not the Self
 Refutation of Four Extremes of Arising
 Selfless and Deceptive
 Emptiness
 What Carries the Karma?

8. Dependent Arising
 Twelve Links of Dependent Arising
 Flow of the Links
 Who Circles in Saṃsāra?
 Benefits of Meditating on the Twelve Links of Dependent Arising
 Sanskrit Tradition: Levels of Dependence
 Causal Dependence
 Mutual Dependence
 Mere Dependent Designation
 Emptiness and Dependent Arising Are Compatible
 Pāli Tradition: Terms, Concepts, and Conventions

9. Uniting Serenity and Insight
 Pāli Tradition
 Sanskrit Tradition
 Chinese Buddhism

10. Progressing on the Path
 Pāli Tradition: Purification and Knowledge
 Sanskrit Tradition: Five Paths and Ten Bodhisattva Grounds
 Differences among the Three Vehicles
 Sanskrit Tradition: Nirvāṇa
 Pāli Tradition: Nibbāna

11. The Four Immeasurables
 Pāli Tradition
 Love
 Compassion
 Joy
 Equanimity
 Four Immeasurables and Insight
 Near and Far Enemies
 Sanskrit Tradition

12. Bodhicitta
 Tibetan Buddhism
 Equanimity
 Sevenfold Cause-and-Effect Instruction
 Equalizing and Exchanging Self and Others
 Self-Interest, Self-Confidence, Self-Centered Attitude, and Self-Grasping Ignorance
 Integrating the View with Bodhicitta
 Chinese Buddhism
 Four Great Vows
 Aspiring and Engaging Bodhicitta
 Pāli Tradition: Bodhicitta and Bodhisattas

13. Bodhisattva Training in the Perfections
 Sanskrit Tradition
 Pāli Tradition: Ten Pāramīs
 Perfection of Generosity
 Perfection of Ethical Conduct
 Perfection of Fortitude
 Perfection of Joyous Effort
 Perfections of Meditative Stability and of Renunciation
 Perfection of Wisdom
 Perfections of Unshakable Resolve and of Determination
 Perfections of Skillful Means, Power, and Exalted Wisdom
 Pāramīs of Truthfulness, Love, and Equanimity
 The Four Ways of Gathering Disciples

14. The Possibility of Awakening and Buddha Nature
 Is Liberation Possible?
 Pāli Tradition: Luminous Mind
 Yogācāra School: Buddha Nature
 Madhyamaka School: Buddha Nature
 Tantrayāna: Buddha Nature
 Chan: Buddha Nature, Bodhicitta, and True Suchness
 Understanding Tathāgatagarbha

15. Tantra
 Tantric Deities
 Entering Vajrayāna
 Excellent Features of Highest Yoga Tantra

16. Conclusion

Notes
Index
About the Authors